One: Design and Alternative Process
(of 2012Architecten, Rotterdam, The Netherlands)
Jan Jongert introduced two of his projects working with 2012 Architecten: the “Recyclicity” and “Superuse”. Both of them concern the construction of new buildings with surplus materials. Unlike many designs with waste product which still are some ad-hoc projects, 2012's works target for setting up long run development.
Jongert stated that in Holland, much of the work is still undertaken in a “traditional” way: The waste is being cut up in small pieces or melted down and with further process. This method simply neglects the characteristics and identities of the original material while a lot of energy is consumed to reproduce a more or less identical material. Through “Recyclicity”, 2012 aims at change this situation by introducing a new kind of design approach which could make use of the waste materials in their original forms and characteristics. This could save not only much of the energy needed for the recycle processing of materials, but also the enormous resources involved in logistics.
Recyclicity is a web-based tool. 2012 Architecten have done experiments and data collection on the dimensions and characteristics of the waste-materials and their possible usage in building construction. They have done detailed analysis on every different parts of waste-product; and also provide suggested uses for the parts. 2012 has also set up a network of suppliers of these materials, which the list could also be found in the website. This solves the storage problem, as the interested designers could go to get the materials only when they need it. The database of Recylicity is thus working in the long run for a public accessible collection of available material.
Another project is called "Superuse". "Superuse" serves as an online platform for people to share new examples and ideas on creative ways of recycling. Jongert has shown some of the examples in the “Superuse” archive. Apart from his own work, they also include examples of diverse architect projects. “Superuse” provides an ongoing platform for exchanging ideas.
Jongert also opened the discussion on future perspective of designing with waste and production cycles. Jongert advocate that besides building on what Recyclicity and Superuse has developed, the concept of cradle to cradle design should be put into consideration. With the aids of illustration by some creative examples, Jongert suggested that products should be designed for facilitating recycling at the first place.
Jan Jongert (Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1971) was educated at
TU-Delft and Academy of Architecture in Rotterdam and graduated
in 2003. Jan Jongert is initiator and boardmember of an experimental
housing project in Rotterdam called 2012. Together with Césare Peeren,
he founded the architecture office 2012Architecten in 1997 and Recyclicity
foundation in 2003. The main aim of 2012 is to build on with the
existing potential of the site, such as existing environment, potential
workforce, energy sources, and waste materials. Recyclicity tries
to turn different waste streams into building materials with as
little added energy as possible for transport and modification.
Jongert worked on various projects ranging from the whitegoods-house
(1999), the Miele Space station II (2003) up to a Wastestream Villa
which is under construction.
Jan Jongert frequently lectures and teaches architects, students
and general public both in the Netherlands and abroad. From 2005
on, he teaches on reuse of waste for buildings at the academy of
architecture in Rotterdam and in various workshops like in Madrid
and Buenos Aires. In 2007 he co-published a book and website called
Websites: www.2012architecten.nl, www.recyclicity.net, www.superuse.org